Woodward has found the form of London Wasps' Josh Lewsey irresistible after his home debut at the back against Italy last time out, with the versatile two-try star again claiming the No.15 shirt which has been so well occupied by Robinson over the last year.
Robinson's return to the wing – where he started his Test career – means no place for Harlequins' Dan Luger, who is restricted to a place on the bench as Ben Cohen returns to the left-wing.
Elsewhere in the side, Leicester's Martin Johnson returns after missing the patchy 40-5 win over the Azzurri, taking the place of Danny Grewcock, who is on the bench despite picking up a knock to the head over the weekend.
Johnson's club-mate Neil Back returns to the openside berth at the expense of Joe Worsley, while Jason Leonard's inclusion at tighthead prop means Northampton's Robbie Morris missing out – Gloucester's fit-again Trevor Woodman being the replacement prop after injury.
Northampton veteran Paul Grayson is given a call-up to the bench in the wake of Sharks fly-half Charlie Hodgson's long-term knee problem, with Gloucester scrum-half Andy Gomarsall also back in the senior squad after dropping down to the A-side last week.
Coach Clive Woodward said of the squad: "I'm delighted to welcome back Martin Johnson, Neil Back, Jason Leonard, Jason Robinson and Ben Cohen to the starting line-up. They've all made excellent progress from their injuries, and it's a compliment to the England and club medical teams working in partnership that they have a made a full recovery so quickly.
"Their return to the team meant that I had to make some tough calls as all of the players against Italy played well against a very determined Italy side.
"Dan Luger, Joe Worsley and Danny Grewcock move onto the bench, which underlines the strong competition all the players face but I'm sure that they will continue to push for places in the starting line-up.
"I'm delighted that Josh Lewsey has retained his place at fullback. Jason Robinson has been outstanding but Josh took his opportunity very against Italy and I'm sure he'll want to take that form through to Scotland on Saturday.
"Jason looked very sharp at the weekend for the Sharks, and although it was a difficult decision between him and Dan – who scored our final try against Italy – he gets the nod for a place on the wing.
"Paul Grayson has been pushing very hard for selection. He's being playing well for Northampton Saints this season and had a great game against France 'A' last month. It's also good to see Andy Gomarsall back in the 22 and Trevor Woodman who has made a full recovery from injury."
England will be hoping to keep their 100 percent record in the competition thus far, as a potential Grand Slam decider against Ireland looms in Dublin next weekend should both sides come through this round of matches unschathed – Ireland facing an away trip to Wales on the same day that England tackle the Scots.
England: 15 Josh Lewsey, 14 Jason Robinson, 13 Will Greenwood, 12 Mike Tindall, 11 Ben Cohen, 10 Jonny Wilkinson, 9 Matt Dawson, 8 Lawrence Dallaglio, 7 Neil Back, 6 Richard Hll, 5 Ben Kay, 4 Martin Johnson (captain), 3 Jason Leonard, 2 Steve Thompson, 1 Graham Rowntree.Replacements: 16 Mark Regan, 17 Trevor Woodman, 18 Danny Grewcock, 19 Joe Worsley, 20 Andy Gomarsall, 21 Paul Grayson, 22 Dan Luger.
Kick-off: 16.00 GMT